Membership doubled, and the local union treasury had a balance of 6,000.
The Homestead union grew belligerent, and relationships between workers and managers grew tense.
The Homestead strike, also known as the Homestead Steel strike, Pinkerton rebellion, or Homestead massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike which began on June 30, 1892, culminating in a battle between strikers and private security agents on July 6, 1892.
The battle was one of the most serious disputes in U. labor history, third behind the Ludlow Massacre and the Battle of Blair Mountain.
With the collective bargaining agreement due to expire on June 30, 1892, Frick and the leaders of the local AA union entered into negotiations in February.
With the steel industry doing well and prices higher, the AA asked for a wage increase; the AA represented about 800 of the 3,800 workers at the plant.
Carnegie officials conceded that the AA essentially ran the Homestead plant after the 1889 strike.
The union negotiated national uniform wage scales on an annual basis; helped regulate working hours, workload levels and work speeds; and helped improve working conditions.
It also acted as a hiring hall, helping employers find scarce puddlers and rollers.
Andrew Carnegie placed industrialist Henry Clay Frick in charge of his company's operations in 1881. "The mills have never been able to turn out the product they should, owing to being held back by the Amalgamated men," he complained in a letter to Carnegie.
Carnegie ordered the Homestead plant to manufacture large amounts of inventory so the plant could weather a strike.